SERVIR Himalaya

SERVIR-Himalaya was established in 2010 at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu, Nepal. ICIMOD is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing center serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Countries served are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan. With the increasing influence of globalization and climate change on the stability of fragile mountain ecosystems and the livelihoods of mountain people, ICIMOD aims to assist mountain people to understand these changes, adapt to them, and make the most of new opportunities, while addressing upstream-downstream issues. SERVIR-Himalaya strengthens ICIMOD’s capabilities as an established regional resource center on geospatial information and Earth observation applications for the HKH region. Stakeholders range from decision-makers at the regional level addressing trans-boundary issues, to national governments, scientists, students, the general public, and development practitioners working in the region.


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    Satellite-based Visualization System for water resources in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region

    Low-lying deltas of the HKH (Hindu Kush-Himalaya) region are vulnerable to a variety of water resource problems, leading to crop damage. The vulnerability is felt more acutely downstream because of the heavy population density and water-intensive agricultural economy of the low-lying deltas. It is important to build resilience against these vulnerabilities by developing accurate tools for assessing water cycle factors and predicting crop damage.

      Forest Fire Detection And Monitoring System

      Forest fires have become an environmental concern in recent years in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region, posing a threat to human life and property and to the area’s natural environment. As one example, during a recent dry season in Nepal, wildfires destroyed almost 240,000 hectares of forests.

        Satellite-Based Agriculture Drought Warning System

        Two thirds of the people in Nepal depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and more than one third of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) comes from the agriculture sector. However, reliable crop production across the country remains a serious challenge due to significant spatial and temporal climate variability. Information on crop growth and stress and early warnings of drought are needed to plan for and mitigate the effects of drought. Using remote sensing derived data such as Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Land Surface Temperature (LST), and rainfall, the Satellite-based Agricultural Drought Early Warning System compares recent vegetation growth data to historical data and generates anomaly maps to indicate whether crop yields for the current year will be greater or lower than average in Nepal. Comparisons can be made both spatially and temporally and in maps and graphs at district and Village Developmental Committee (VDC) levels. Monitoring agricultural fields in this way alerts officials of potential shortages so that appropriate measures can be taken for avoiding impacts of agricultural drought.

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        Latest News see all

        Empowering Agricultural Decision Makers Across the Globe with Improved Rainfall Forecasting Data

        June 19, 2018

        The timing and onset of rainfall is crucial for hundreds of thousands of farmers in the developing world when sowing, fertilizing and harvesting crops.

        Partnering with Afghan Universities to Use Satellite Data for Water Management

        June 12, 2018

        Following three decades of conflict, Afghanistan faces environmental challenges on many fronts, including a growing water crisis across the country.

        Satellite Data Helps Launch Afghanistan's First Glacier Inventory

        June 11, 2018

        Studying past and present behavior of glaciers and analyzing possible long-term changes help governments to better understand the impacts of climate change on water resources.